CASTELLAN, Antoine Laurent. Lettres sur la Morée et les iles de Cérigo, Hydra, et Zante…., avec vingt-trois Dessins de l’Auteur, gravés par lui-même, et trois Plans…, Paris, Η. Agasse, 1808.
Antoine Laurent Castellan (1772-1838) was a French architect, painter and engraver. He studied landscape painting in Valenciennes, and travelled to Switzerland, Italy and the Ottoman Empire. He made a very short tour of Ottoman territories, principally of Southern Greece and the islands (Zakynthos, Cythera, the Peloponnese and Hydra) as well as Istanbul and the Hellespont. At the end of the 18th century, during the reign of Sultan Selim III, in an effort to ameliorate relations with the Ottoman empire, France organized an expedition to Istanbul with the mission to repair ships and aid in other tasks in the port of the city. Castellan participated in the mission as a painter.
The expedition was unable to realize its goals, as its members were forced to flee in the face of war, an epidemic, fires and a revolt. Castellan however published his impressions of this voyage, in a text written in epistolary fashion, which circulated in three editions, with numerous engravings based on his drawings. Unluckily, Castellan’s work circulated at the same time when Pouqueville knew huge editorial success with his own books. Castellan became a member of the Acadèmie des Beaux Arts, to which he dedicated the last years of his life. His work “Moeurs, usages, costumes des Othomans” (1812) was lavishly praised by Lord Byron.
Intelligent and objective as well as sensitive, Castellan depicts the islands, the Peloponnese and Propontis, focusing on each place’s traditions. He is one of the first travellers to become sensitive to Greek music and Greek Orthodox religious art. Harmonious with his text, the French traveller’s drawings accompany his gentle discourse. Free from prejudice, Castellan describes the new world he sees before him: fortresses, cities, mosques, churches, fountains, houses, mills, antiquities and people.
Castellan started out from Marseilles in December 1796. By way of Sicily, the ship reached Cythera first, then Monemvasia and finally Hydra. Six months later, he visited the Peloponnese, the region of Coroni, Navarino and Philiatra, from where he crossed over to Zakynthos.
Written by Ioli Vingopoulou
- CASTELLAN, Antoine Laurent. Lettres sur la Morée et les iles de Cérigo, Hydra, et Zante…., avec vingt-trois Dessins de l’Auteur, gravés par lui-même, et trois Plans…, Paris, Η. Agasse, 1808.
The port of Avlemonas (Kastri or Agios Nikolaos), Cythera. Fishermen gathering their nets next to the Venetian Fortress of Agios Frangiskos.
View of the entrance to a certain cave on Cythera, probably the Cave of Houstis, near Diakofti.
Plans and section plans of rock-carved mausoleums in Palaiopolis, Cythera.
Orthodox priest guides a gentleman of west European origin into the interior section of a rock-cut mausoleum in Palaiopolis, Cythera.
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